The case was known as Loving v. Virginia. It centered around an interracial couple made up of Richard Loving (who was a white male) and his wife, Mildred Loving (who was of African American and Native American descent). Under the laws in Virginia at the time, their union violated miscegenation laws that prohibited marriage between whites and blacks. As a matter of fact, when the Lovings were married, their wedding was in a D.C. church, since their union was deemed illegal in their home state of Virginia.
Thankfully when the Lovings had their case heard by the Supreme Court, the court voted unanimously against Virginia's miscegenation laws and ruled that people should be free to marry whomever they want, regardless of race.
Cases like this show just how far we've come as a society, as interracial marriage has only grown in the years since the Loving decision. Though 1967 may seem like a long while ago, my mother was alive then, which brings home the point that if you were born in the 1980s as I was, you're really only a generation removed from this case.
These days June 12th -- the date when the Supreme Court ruled in favor of the Lovings -- is recognized in many cities and towns across the United States as Loving Day. It's been marked with festivals and concerts celebrating the freedom to love whom we choose. There was actually a film made about the Loving v. Virginia case, but I found it somewhat lacking. Regardless, this is a story worth retelling for generations to come. Below is an ABC interview from the time of the case.